Saturday, March 31, 2012

Evidence of Quebec on the Forefront of Canadian Democracy

In the FDA's recent electoral finance audit of Canada's 10 provinces, Quebec ranks and scores the highest with an outstanding score of 100 percent (out of 100 percent), while Alberta scores the lowest with a failing score of 47.7 percent.

The FDA audit scores for the fairness electoral finance laws are as follows:

1. Quebec (100 percent)
2. Manitoba (85.1 percent)
3. Nova Scotia (77.4 percent)
4. New Brunswick (72.1 percent)
5. Ontario (66.3 percent)
6. Newfoundland and Labrador (51.3 percent)
7. British Columbia (49.1 percent)
8. Saskatchewan (49 percent)
9. Prince Edward Island (48.4 percent)
10. Alberta (47.7 percent)

The FDA audit entails detailed audit and analysis of the 10 provinces' electoral finance legislation. The main sections of the audit are electoral finance transparency, contributions to candidates and parties, caps on contributions to candidate and parties, campaign expenditure including caps, third party expenditure caps, and legislative process for enforcement of electoral finance laws.

The FDA audit report on the 10 provinces will be released shortly.

The FDA audit does not cover acts of corruption which any system is susceptible to due to inherent and unavoidable systematic imperfection (or the human factor). However, Quebec has addressed this aspect by being the first political entity in Canada to create a permanent anti-corruption squad and which is staffed by 189 persons. (The squad is modeled after the New York City's Department of Investigation. The Quebec squad has an annual budget of $31.5 million and is led by a commissioner who reports to Quebec's security minister.)

Interestingly, in the 2011 FDA Global Electoral Fairness Audit, France scores the highest with a 91.75 percent score.

Site of Quebec's Anti-Corruption Unit (in French)

New York Department of Investigation

Quebec Corruption Raids Target Municipal Level of Government

February 29, 2012: Saint Constant's City Hall raided by police: 

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